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Pipelines

Eine Pipeline (von engl.: pipe = Rohr, Röhre + line = Linie, Leitung, Verbindung) ist eine Fernleitung für den Rohrleitungstransport von Flüssigkeiten (z. B. Wasser oder Erdöl) oder Gasen (z. B. Erdgas oder Kohlenstoffmonoxid), seltener auch Schlämme (z. B. Kohle oder Eisenerz mit Wasser vermengt).

Pipelines werden für den Öl- und Gastransport über weite Entfernungen eingesetzt, wo sie trotz hoher Baukosten ökonomischer als Tankwagen sind. Einige Leitungen sind sogar mehrere tausend Kilometer lang, beispielsweise jene aus Sibirien bis Mitteleuropa oder von Alaska in die USA, oder auch von Russland nach Deutschland.

Land Pipelines
Afghanistangas 466 km (2010)
Ägyptencondensate 320 km; condensate/gas 13 km; gas 6,628 km; liquid petroleum gas 956 km; oil 4,332 km; oil/gas/water 3 km; refined products 895 km; water 13 km (2010)
Albaniengas 339 km; oil 207 km (2010)
Algeriencondensate 2,600 km; gas 16,360 km; liquid petroleum gas 3,447 km; oil 7,611 km; refined products 144 km (2010)
Angolagas 2 km; oil 87 km (2010)
Äquatorialguineagas 37 km (2010)
Argentiniengas 29,401 km; liquid petroleum gas 41 km; oil 6,166 km; refined products 3,631 km (2010)
Armeniengas 2,233 km (2010)
Aserbaidschancondensate 1 km; gas 3,361 km; oil 1,424 km (2010)
Australiengas 27,900 km; liquid petroleum gas 240 km; oil 3,257 km; oil/gas/water 1 km (2010)
Bahraingas 20 km; oil 29 km (2010)
Bangladeschgas 2,714 km (2010)
Barbadosgas 33 km; oil 62 km; refined products 4 km
Belarusgas 5,250 km; oil 1,528 km; refined products 1,730 km (2010)
Belgiengas 2,826 km; oil 154 km; refined products 535 km (2010)
Boliviengas 5,330 km; liquid petroleum gas 51 km; oil 2,510 km; refined products 1,627 km (2010)
Bosnien und Herzegowinagas 147 km; oil 9 km
Brasiliencondensate/gas 62 km; gas 13,514 km; liquid petroleum gas 352 km; oil 3,729 km; refined products 4,684 km (2010)
Brunei Darussalamcondensate 33 km; gas 37 km; oil 18 km (2010)
Bulgariengas 2,844 km; oil 346 km; refined products 156 km (2010)
Chilegas 3,064 km; liquid petroleum gas 517 km; oil 895 km; refined products 768 km (2010)
Chinagas 38,566 km; oil 23,470 km; refined products 13,706 km (2010)
Costa Ricarefined products 662 km (2010)
Côte d´Ivoirecondensate 86 km; gas 180 km; oil 92 km (2010)
Dänemarkgas 2,858 km; oil 107 km (2010)
Deutschlandgas 24,688 km; oil 3,687 km; refined products 4,875 km (2010)
Dominikanische Republikoil 99 km
Ecuadorextra heavy crude 434 km; gas 5 km; oil 1,378 km; refined products 1,262 km (2010)
Estlandgas 859 km (2010)
Finnlandgas 694 km (2010)
Frankreichgas 15,276 km; oil 2,939 km; refined products 5,084 km (2010)
Gabungas 294 km; oil 893 km (2010)
Georgiengas 1,596 km; oil 1,258 km (2010)
Ghanagas 1 km; oil 5 km; refined products 312 km (2010)
Griechenlandgas 1,240 km; oil 75 km (2010)
Großbritanniencondensate 8 km; gas 14,071 km; liquid petroleum gas 59 km; oil 595 km; refined products 4,907 km (2010)
Guatemalaoil 480 km (2010)
Indiencondensate/gas 2 km; gas 9,596 km; liquid petroleum gas 2,152 km; oil 7,448 km; refined products 10,486 km (2010)
Indonesiencondensate 812 km; condensate/gas 73 km; gas 7,165 km; oil 5,984 km; oil/gas/water 12 km; refined products 617 km; water 44 km (2010)
Irakgas 2,447 km; liquid petroleum gas 918 km; oil 5,104 km; refined products 1,637 km (2010)
Irancondensate 7 km; condensate/gas 12 km; gas 20,155 km; liquid petroleum gas 570 km; oil 7,123 km; refined products 7,937 km (2010)
Irlandgas 1,888 km (2010)
Israelgas 211 km; oil 442 km; refined products 261 km (2010)
Italiengas 18,348 km; oil 1,241 km (2010)
Japangas 4,135 km; oil 171 km; oil/gas/water 53 km (2010)
Jemengas 423 km; liquid petroleum gas 22 km; oil 1,367 km (2010)
Jordaniengas 439 km; oil 49 km (2010)
Kamerunoil 886 km (2010)
Kanadagas 835 km; liquid petroleum gas 75,000 km (2010)
Kasachstancondensate 658 km; gas 12,317 km; oil 11,201 km; refined products 1,095 km; water 1,465 km (2010)
Katarcondensate 145 km; condensate/gas 132 km; gas 980 km; liquid petroleum gas 90 km; oil 382 km (2010)
Keniaoil 4 km; refined products 928 km (2010)
Kirgisistangas 480 km; oil 16 km (2010)
Kolumbiengas 4,801 km; oil 6,334 km; refined products 3,309 km (2010)
Kongogas 65 km; oil 273 km (2010)
Kongo, Demokratische Republikgas 37 km; oil 39 km; refined products 756 km (2010)
Korea, Demokratische Volksrepublikoil 154 km (2010)
Korea, Republikgas 2,139 km; refined products 864 km (2010)
Kroatiengas 1,686 km; oil 532 km (2010)
Kubagas 41 km; oil 230 km (2010)
Kuwaitgas 269 km; oil 540 km; refined products 57 km (2010)
Laosrefined products 540 km (2010)
Lettlandgas 948 km; refined products 415 km (2010)
Libanongas 102 km (2010)
Liberiaoil 4 km
Libyencondensate 776 km; gas 3,216 km; oil 6,960 km (2010)
Liechtensteingas 20 km (2010)
Litauengas 1,695 km; refined products 114 km (2010)
Luxemburggas 142 km; refined products 27 km (2010)
Malaysiacondensate 3 km; gas 1,757 km; liquid petroleum gas 155 km; oil 30 km; refined products 114 km (2010)
Marokkogas 830 km; oil 439 km (2010)
Mazedoniengas 268 km; oil 120 km (2010)
Mexikogas 16,594 km; liquid petroleum gas 2,152 km; oil 7,499 km; oil/gas/water 4 km; refined products 7,264 km; water 33 km (2010)
Moldaugas 1,906 km (2010)
Mosambikgas 918 km; refined products 278 km (2010)
Myanmargas 3,046 km; oil 551 km (2010)
Neuseelandcondensate 331 km; gas 1,838 km; liquid petroleum gas 172 km; oil 288 km; refined products 198 km (2010)
Nicaraguaoil 54 km (2010)
Niederlandegas 4,413 km; oil 365 km; refined products 716 km (2010)
Nigeriacondensate 26 km; gas 2,756 km; liquid petroleum gas 97 km; oil 3,441 km; refined products 4,090 km (2010)
Norwegencondensate 31 km; gas 64 km (2010)
Omancondensate 107 km; gas 4,209 km; oil 3,558 km; refined products 263 km (2010)
Österreichgas 3,028 km; oil 663 km; refined products 157 km (2010)
Pakistangas 10,514 km; oil 2,013 km; refined products 787 km (2010)
Panamaoil 128 km
Papua-Neuguineaoil 195 km (2010)
Peruextra heavy crude 533 km; gas 1,526 km; liquid petroleum gas 679 km; oil 1,033 km; refined products 15 km (2010)
Philippinengas 7 km; oil 107 km; refined products 181 km (2010)
Polengas 13,860 km; oil 1,384 km; refined products 777 km; unknown 35 km (2010)
Portugalgas 1,307 km; oil 11 km; refined products 188 km (2010)
Rumäniengas 3,652 km; oil 2,424 km (2010)
Russische Föderationcondensate 122 km; gas 160,952 km; liquid petroleum gas 127 km; oil 77,630 km; oil/gas/water 38 km; refined products 13,658 km (2010)
Sambiaoil 771 km (2010)
Saudi-Arabiencondensate 212 km; gas 2,846 km; liquid petroleum gas 1,183 km; oil 4,232 km; refined products 1,151 km (2010)
Schwedengas 786 km (2010)
Schweizgas 1,681 km; oil 94 km; refined products 7 km (2010)
Senegalgas 43 km; refined products 8 km (2010)
Serbiengas 3,177 km; oil 393 km (2006)
Simbabwerefined products 270 km (2010)
Singapurgas 111 km (2010)
Slowakeigas 6,769 km; oil 416 km (2010)
Sloweniengas 840 km; oil 5 km (2010)
Spaniengas 9,359 km; oil 560 km; refined products 3,441 km (2010)
Südafrikacondensate 11 km; gas 908 km; oil 980 km; refined products 1,382 km (2010)
Sudangas 156 km; oil 4,070 km; refined products 1,613 km (2010)
Surinameoil 50 km (2010)
Syriengas 3,161 km; oil 1,997 km (2010)
Tadschikistangas 549 km; oil 38 km (2010)
Taiwangas 412 km (2010)
Tansaniagas 254 km; oil 888 km; refined products 8 km (2010)
Thailandgas 1,889 km; liquid petroleum gas 85 km; refined products 1,099 km (2010)
Trinidad und Tobagogas 671 km; oil 334 km (2010)
Tschadoil 265 km (2010)
Tschechische Republikgas 7,010 km; oil 547 km; refined products 94 km (2010)
Tunesiengas 2,386 km; oil 1,323 km; refined products 453 km (2010)
Türkeigas 10,706 km; oil 3,636 km (2010)
Turkmenistangas 7,352 km; oil 1,457 km (2010)
Ukrainegas 36,493 km; oil 4,514 km; refined products 4,211 km (2010)
Ungarngas 4,716 km; oil 984 km; refined products 361 km (2010)
Uruguaygas 226 km; oil 155 km (2010)
Usbekistangas 10,253 km; oil 868 km (2010)
Venezuelaextra heavy crude 980 km; gas 5,347 km; oil 6,694 km; refined products 1,620 km (2010)
Vereinigte Arabische Emiratecondensate 458 km; refined products 212 km; gas 2,352 km; liquid petroleum gas 220 km; oil 1,437 km (2010)
Vereinigte Staatenpetroleum products 244,620 km; natural gas 548,665 km (2010)
Vietnamcondensate 28 km; condensate/gas 10 km; gas 216 km; refined products 206 km (2010)
Zypernoil 0 km
File:Pipeline (im Bau).jpg

 


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