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Natürliche Ressourcen

Ein Rohstoff ist dann als natürliche Ressource zu verstehen, wenn er nur gefördert und gereinigt, nicht aber hergestellt zu werden braucht. Insofern können Bergbau, Erdölförderung, Fischerei und Forstwirtschaft als Ausbeutung natürlicher Ressourcen gelten, während Landwirtschaft, insofern sie die Produktivität des Bodens durch gezielte menschliche Tätigkeiten fördert, nicht dazu gerechnet wird.

 LandNatürliche Ressourcen
Afghanistannatural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones
Ägyptenpetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, manganese, limestone, gypsum, talc, asbestos, lead, zinc
Albanienpetroleum, natural gas, coal, bauxite, chromite, copper, iron ore, nickel, salt, timber, hydropower
Algerienpetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc
Amerikanische Jungferninselnsun, sand, sea, surf
Amerikanisch-Samoapumice, pumicite
Andorrahydropower, mineral water, timber, iron ore, lead
Angolapetroleum, diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, copper, feldspar, gold, bauxite, uranium
Anguillasalt, fish, lobster
Antarktikairon ore, chromium, copper, gold, nickel, platinum and other minerals, and coal and hydrocarbons have been found in small uncommercial quantities; none presently exploited; krill, finfish, and crab have been taken by commercial fisheries
Antigua und BarbudaNEGL; pleasant climate fosters tourism
Äquatorialguineapetroleum, natural gas, timber, gold, bauxite, diamonds, tantalum, sand and gravel, clay
Argentinienfertile plains of the pampas, lead, zinc, tin, copper, iron ore, manganese, petroleum, uranium
Arktischer Ozeansand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, oil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales)
Armeniensmall deposits of gold, copper, molybdenum, zinc, bauxite
ArubaNEGL; white sandy beaches
Aserbaidschanpetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, nonferrous metals, bauxite
Ashmore- und Cartierinselnfish
Äthiopiensmall reserves of gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas, hydropower
Atlantischer Ozeanoil and gas fields, fish, marine mammals (seals and whales), sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules, precious stones
Australienbauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum; note: Australia is the world's largest net exporter of coal accounting for 29% of global coal exports
Bahamassalt, aragonite, timber, arable land
Bahrainoil, associated and nonassociated natural gas, fish, pearls
Bakerinselguano (deposits worked until 1891), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Bangladeschnatural gas, arable land, timber, coal
Barbadospetroleum, fish, natural gas
Belarustimber, peat deposits, small quantities of oil and natural gas, granite, dolomitic limestone, marl, chalk, sand, gravel, clay
Belgienconstruction materials, silica sand, carbonates
Belizearable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower
Beninsmall offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber
Bermudalimestone, pleasant climate fostering tourism
Bhutantimber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbonate
Bolivientin, natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower
Bosnien und Herzegowinacoal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber, hydropower
Botsuanadiamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver
Bouvetinselnone
Brasilienbauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber
Britische JungferninselnNEGL
Britisches Territorium im Indischen Ozeancoconuts, fish, sugarcane
Brunei Darussalampetroleum, natural gas, timber
Bulgarienbauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Burkina Fasomanganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt
Burundinickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum, vanadium, arable land, hydropower, niobium, tantalum, gold, tin, tungsten, kaolin, limestone
Cabo Verdesalt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, fish, clay, gypsum
Chilecopper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower
Chinacoal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminum, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest)
Clippertonfish
CookinselnNEGL
Costa Ricahydropower
Côte d'Ivoirepetroleum, natural gas, diamonds, manganese, iron ore, cobalt, bauxite, copper, gold, nickel, tantalum, silica sand, clay, cocoa beans, coffee, palm oil, hydropower
Curaçaocalcium phosphates, aloes, sorghum, peanuts, vegetables, tropical fruit
Dänemarkpetroleum, natural gas, fish, salt, limestone, chalk, stone, gravel and sand
Deutschlandcoal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber, arable land
Dominicatimber, hydropower, arable land
Dominikanische Republiknickel, bauxite, gold, silver
Dschibutipotential geothermal power, gold, clay, granite, limestone, marble, salt, diatomite, gypsum, pumice, petroleum
Ecuadorpetroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
El Salvadorhydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land
Eritreagold, potash, zinc, copper, salt, possibly oil and natural gas, fish
Estlandoil shale, peat, phosphorite, clay, limestone, sand, dolomite, arable land, sea mud
Europäische Unioniron ore, natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, lead, zinc, bauxite, uranium, potash, salt, hydropower, arable land, timber, fish
Falklandinselnfish, squid, wildlife, calcified seaweed, sphagnum moss
Färöerfish, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Fidschitimber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil potential, hydropower
Finnlandtimber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone
Frankreichmetropolitan France: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, fish; French Guiana: gold deposits, petroleum, kaolin, niobium, tantalum, clay
Französische Süd- und Antarktisgebietefish, crayfish; note: Glorioso Islands and Tromelin Island (Iles Eparses) have guano, phosphates, and coconuts
Französisch-Polynesientimber, fish, cobalt, hydropower
Gabunpetroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower
Gambiafish, clay, silica sand, titanium (rutile and ilmenite), tin, zircon
Gazastreifenarable land, natural gas
Georgientimber, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth
Ghanagold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Gibraltarnone
Grenadatimber, tropical fruit, deepwater harbors
Griechenlandlignite, petroleum, iron ore, bauxite, lead, zinc, nickel, magnesite, marble, salt, hydropower potential
Grönlandcoal, iron ore, lead, zinc, molybdenum, diamonds, gold, platinum, niobium, tantalite, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas
Großbritanniencoal, petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, lead, zinc, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, arable land
Guamaquatic wildlife (supporting tourism), fishing (largely undeveloped)
Guatemalapetroleum, nickel, rare woods, fish, chicle, hydropower
Guernseycropland
Guineabauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt
Guinea-Bissaufish, timber, phosphates, bauxite, clay, granite, limestone, unexploited deposits of petroleum
Guyanabauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish
Haitibauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower
Heard und McDonaldinselnfish
Hondurastimber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower
Hongkongoutstanding deepwater harbor, feldspar
Howlandinselguano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Indiencoal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land
Indischer Ozeanoil and gas fields, fish, shrimp, sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, polymetallic nodules
Indonesienpetroleum, tin, natural gas, nickel, timber, bauxite, copper, fertile soils, coal, gold, silver
Insel Mannone
Irakpetroleum, natural gas, phosphates, sulfur
Iranpetroleum, natural gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
Irlandnatural gas, peat, copper, lead, zinc, silver, barite, gypsum, limestone, dolomite
Islandfish, hydropower, geothermal power, diatomite
Israeltimber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock, magnesium bromide, clays, sand
Italiencoal, mercury, zinc, potash, marble, barite, asbestos, pumice, fluorspar, feldspar, pyrite (sulfur), natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, arable land
Jamaikabauxite, gypsum, limestone
Jan Mayennone
Japannegligible mineral resources, fish; note: with virtually no energy natural resources, Japan is the world's largest importer of coal and liquefied natural gas, as well as the second largest importer of oil
Jarvisinselguano (deposits worked until late 1800s), terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Jemenpetroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west
Jerseyarable land
Johnstoninselguano deposits worked until depletion about 1890, terrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Jordanienphosphates, potash, shale oil
Kaimaninselnfish, climate and beaches that foster tourism
Kambodschaoil and gas, timber, gemstones, iron ore, manganese, phosphates, hydropower potential
Kamerunpetroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower
Kanadairon ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas, hydropower
Kasachstanmajor deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium
Katarpetroleum, natural gas, fish
Kenialimestone, soda ash, salt, gemstones, fluorspar, zinc, diatomite, gypsum, wildlife, hydropower
Kingmanriffterrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Kirgisistanabundant hydropower; significant deposits of gold and rare earth metals; locally exploitable coal, oil, and natural gas; other deposits of nepheline, mercury, bismuth, lead, and zinc
Kiribatiphosphate (production discontinued in 1979)
Kokosinseln (Keelinginseln)fish
Kolumbienpetroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, nickel, gold, copper, emeralds, hydropower
KomorenNEGL
Kongopetroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, gold, magnesium, natural gas, hydropower
Kongo, Demokratische Republikcobalt, copper, niobium, tantalum, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, uranium, coal, hydropower, timber
KorallenmeerinselnNEGL
Korea, Demokratische Volksrepublikcoal, lead, tungsten, zinc, graphite, magnesite, iron ore, copper, gold, pyrites, salt, fluorspar, hydropower
Korea, Republikcoal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential
Kosovonickel, lead, zinc, magnesium, lignite, kaolin, chrome, bauxite
Kroatienoil, some coal, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, gypsum, natural asphalt, silica, mica, clays, salt, hydropower
Kubacobalt, nickel, iron ore, chromium, copper, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land
Kuwaitpetroleum, fish, shrimp, natural gas
Laostimber, hydropower, gypsum, tin, gold, gemstones
Lesothowater, agricultural and grazing land, diamonds, sand, clay, building stone
Lettlandpeat, limestone, dolomite, amber, hydropower, timber, arable land
Libanonlimestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land
Liberiairon ore, timber, diamonds, gold, hydropower
Libyenpetroleum, natural gas, gypsum
Liechtensteinhydroelectric potential, arable land
Litauenpeat, arable land, amber
Luxemburgiron ore (no longer exploited), arable land
MacauNEGL
Madagaskargraphite, chromite, coal, bauxite, salt, quartz, tar sands, semiprecious stones, mica, fish, hydropower
Malawilimestone, arable land, hydropower, unexploited deposits of uranium, coal, and bauxite
Malaysiatin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite
Maledivenfish
Maligold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower; note: bauxite, iron ore, manganese, tin, and copper deposits are known but not exploited
Maltalimestone, salt, arable land
Marokkophosphates, iron ore, manganese, lead, zinc, fish, salt
Marshallinselncoconut products, marine products, deep seabed minerals
Mauretanieniron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish
Mauritiusarable land, fish
MayotteNEGL
Mazedonienlow-grade iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, manganese, nickel, tungsten, gold, silver, asbestos, gypsum, timber, arable land
Mexikopetroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber
Midwaywildlife, terrestrial and aquatic
Mikronesientimber, marine products, deep-seabed minerals, phosphate
Moldaulignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land, limestone
Monaconone
Mongoleioil, coal, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, phosphates, tin, nickel, zinc, fluorspar, gold, silver, iron
Montenegrobauxite, hydroelectricity
MontserratNEGL
Mosambikcoal, titanium, natural gas, hydropower, tantalum, graphite
Myanmarpetroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, hydropower
Namibiadiamonds, copper, uranium, gold, silver, lead, tin, lithium, cadmium, tungsten, zinc, salt, hydropower, fish; note: suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore
Nauruphosphates, fish
Navassaguano
Nepalquartz, water, timber, hydropower, scenic beauty, small deposits of lignite, copper, cobalt, iron ore
Neukaledoniennickel, chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
Neuseelandnatural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone
Nicaraguagold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish
Niederlandenatural gas, petroleum, peat, limestone, salt, sand and gravel, arable land
Niederländische Antillenphosphates (Curacao only), salt (Bonaire only)
Nigeruranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum
Nigerianatural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land
Niuefish, arable land
Nördliche Marianenarable land, fish
Norfolkinselfish
Norwegenpetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, titanium, pyrites, nickel, fish, timber, hydropower
Omanpetroleum, copper, asbestos, some marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum, natural gas
Österreichoil, coal, lignite, timber, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, magnesite, tungsten, graphite, salt, hydropower
Pakistanland, extensive natural gas reserves, limited petroleum, poor quality coal, iron ore, copper, salt, limestone
Palauforests, minerals (especially gold), marine products, deep-seabed minerals
Palmyrainselterrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Panamacopper, mahogany forests, shrimp, hydropower
Papua-Neuguineagold, copper, silver, natural gas, timber, oil, fisheries
Paracelsus-Inselnnone
Paraguayhydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone
Pazifischer Ozeanoil and gas fields, polymetallic nodules, sand and gravel aggregates, placer deposits, fish
Perucopper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas
Philippinentimber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper
Pitcairninselnmiro trees (used for handicrafts), fish; note: manganese, iron, copper, gold, silver, and zinc have been discovered offshore
Polencoal, sulfur, copper, natural gas, silver, lead, salt, amber, arable land
Portugalfish, forests (cork), iron ore, copper, zinc, tin, tungsten, silver, gold, uranium, marble, clay, gypsum, salt, arable land, hydropower
Puerto Ricosome copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil
Ruandagold, cassiterite (tin ore), wolframite (tungsten ore), methane, hydropower, arable land
Rumänienpetroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower
Russische Föderationwide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber; note: formidable obstacles of climate, terrain, and distance hinder exploitation of natural resources
Salomonenfish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
Sambiacopper, cobalt, zinc, lead, coal, emeralds, gold, silver, uranium, hydropower
Samoahardwood forests, fish, hydropower
San Marinobuilding stone
São Tomé und Príncipefish, hydropower
Saudi-Arabienpetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper
Schwedeniron ore, copper, lead, zinc, gold, silver, tungsten, uranium, arsenic, feldspar, timber, hydropower
Schweizhydropower potential, timber, salt
Senegalfish, phosphates, iron ore
Serbienoil, gas, coal, iron ore, copper, zinc, antimony, chromite, gold, silver, magnesium, pyrite, limestone, marble, salt, arable land
Seychellenfish, copra, cinnamon trees
Sierra Leonediamonds, titanium ore, bauxite, iron ore, gold, chromite
Simbabwecoal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals
Singapurfish, deepwater ports
Sint Maartenfish, salt
Slowakeibrown coal and lignite; small amounts of iron ore, copper and manganese ore; salt; arable land
Slowenienlignite coal, lead, zinc, building stone, hydropower, forests
Somaliauranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt, natural gas, likely oil reserves
Spaniencoal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land
Spitzbergencoal, iron ore, copper, zinc, phosphate, wildlife, fish
Spratly-Inselnfish, guano, undetermined oil and natural gas potential
Sri Lankalimestone, graphite, mineral sands, gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower
St. Barthélemyhas few natural resources, its beaches being the most important
St. Helenafish, lobster
St. Kitts und Nevisarable land
St. Luciaforests, sandy beaches, minerals (pumice), mineral springs, geothermal potential
St. Martinsalt
St. Pierre und Miquelonfish, deepwater ports
St. Vincent und die Grenadinenhydropower, cropland
Südafrikagold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas
Sudanpetroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold, hydropower
Südgeorgien und die Südlichen Sandwichinselnfish
Südlicher Ozeanprobable large and possible giant oil and gas fields on the continental margin; manganese nodules, possible placer deposits, sand and gravel, fresh water as icebergs; squid, whales, and seals - none exploited; krill, fish
Surinametimber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore
Swasilandasbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc
Syrienpetroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower
Tadschikistanhydropower, some petroleum, uranium, mercury, brown coal, lead, zinc, antimony, tungsten, silver, gold
Taiwansmall deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos
Tansaniahydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel
Thailandtin, rubber, natural gas, tungsten, tantalum, timber, lead, fish, gypsum, lignite, fluorite, arable land
Timor-Lestegold, petroleum, natural gas, manganese, marble
Togophosphates, limestone, marble, arable land
TokelauNEGL
Tongafish, fertile soil
Trinidad und Tobagopetroleum, natural gas, asphalt
Tschadpetroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt
Tschechische Republikhard coal, soft coal, kaolin, clay, graphite, timber
Tunesienpetroleum, phosphates, iron ore, lead, zinc, salt
Türkeicoal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower
Turkmenistanpetroleum, natural gas, sulfur, salt
Turks- und Caicosinselnspiny lobster, conch
Tuvalufish
Ugandacopper, cobalt, hydropower, limestone, salt, arable land, gold
Ukraineiron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land
Ungarnbauxite, coal, natural gas, fertile soils, arable land
United States Pacific Island Wildlife Refugesterrestrial and aquatic wildlife
Uruguayarable land, hydropower, minor minerals, fish
Usbekistannatural gas, petroleum, coal, gold, uranium, silver, copper, lead and zinc, tungsten, molybdenum
Vanuatumanganese, hardwood forests, fish
Vatikanstadtnone
Venezuelapetroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds
Vereinigte Arabische Emiratepetroleum, natural gas
Vereinigte Staatencoal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber; note: the US has the world's largest coal reserves with 491 billion short tons accounting for 27% of the world's total
Vietnamphosphates, coal, manganese, bauxite, chromate, offshore oil and gas deposits, timber, hydropower
Wakenone
Wallis und FutunaNEGL
Weihnachtsinselphosphate, beaches
Welt insgesamtthe rapid depletion of nonrenewable mineral resources, the depletion of forest areas and wetlands, the extinction of animal and plant species, and the deterioration in air and water quality (especially in some countries of Eastern Europe, the former USSR,
Westjordanlandarable land
Westsaharaphosphates, iron ore
Zentralafrikanische Republikdiamonds, uranium, timber, gold, oil, hydropower
Zyperncopper, pyrites, asbestos, gypsum, timber, salt, marble, clay earth pigment

 


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