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Industrien

Im Deutschen bezeichnet Industrie (lateinisch industria ‚Betriebsamkeit‘, ‚Fleiß‘) den Teil der Wirtschaft, der gekennzeichnet ist durch die Produktion und Weiterverarbeitung von materiellen Gütern oder Waren in Fabriken und Anlagen, verbunden mit einem hohen Grad an Mechanisierung und Automatisierung.

Es gibt auch Branchen, die nicht der oben genannten Definition entsprechen und trotzdem als Industrie bezeichnet werden, etwa die zum Dienstleistungsgewerbe gehörige „Tourismusindustrie“, „Musikindustrie“ oder „Unterhaltungsindustrie“. Ein Grund hierfür kann in einer Fehlübersetzung des englischen Worts industry liegen, das neben ‚Industrie‘ auch ‚Branche‘ oder ‚Wirtschaftszweig‘ bedeuten kann.

 

Branchen geordnet nach dem Wert derjährlichen  Produktion

 LandIndustrien
Afghanistansmall-scale production of textiles, soap, furniture, shoes, fertilizer, cement; handwoven carpets; natural gas, coal, copper
Ägyptentextiles, food processing, tourism, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, hydrocarbons, construction, cement, metals, light manufactures
Albanienfood processing, textiles and clothing; lumber, oil, cement, chemicals, mining, basic metals, hydropower
Algerienpetroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
Amerikanische Jungferninselntourism, petroleum refining, watch assembly, rum distilling, construction, pharmaceuticals, textiles, electronics
Amerikanisch-Samoatuna canneries (largely supplied by foreign fishing vessels), handicrafts
Andorratourism (particularly skiing), cattle raising, timber, banking, tobacco, furniture
Angolapetroleum; diamonds, iron ore, phosphates, feldspar, bauxite, uranium, and gold; cement; basic metal products; fish processing; food processing, brewing, tobacco products, sugar; textiles; ship repair
Anguillatourism, boat building, offshore financial services
Antigua und Barbudatourism, construction, light manufacturing (clothing, alcohol, household appliances)
Äquatorialguineapetroleum, fishing, sawmilling, natural gas
Argentinienfood processing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, textiles, chemicals and petrochemicals, printing, metallurgy, steel
Armeniendiamond-processing, metal-cutting machine tools, forging-pressing machines, electric motors, tires, knitted wear, hosiery, shoes, silk fabric, chemicals, trucks, instruments, microelectronics, jewelry manufacturing, software development, food processing, brandy
Arubatourism, transshipment facilities, oil refining
Aserbaidschanpetroleum and natural gas, petroleum products, oilfield equipment; steel, iron ore; cement; chemicals and petrochemicals; textiles
Äthiopienfood processing, beverages, textiles, leather, chemicals, metals processing, cement
Australienmining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, steel
Bahamastourism, banking, cement, oil transshipment, salt, rum, aragonite, pharmaceuticals, spiral-welded steel pipe
Bahrainpetroleum processing and refining, aluminum smelting, iron pelletization, fertilizers, offshore banking, insurance, ship repairing, tourism
Bangladeschcotton textiles, jute, garments, tea processing, paper newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizer, light engineering, sugar
Barbadostourism, sugar, light manufacturing, component assembly for export
Belarusmetal-cutting machine tools, tractors, trucks, earthmovers, motorcycles, televisions, chemical fibers, fertilizer, textiles, radios, refrigerators
Belgienengineering and metal products, motor vehicle assembly, transportation equipment, scientific instruments, processed food and beverages, chemicals, basic metals, textiles, glass, petroleum
Belizegarment production, food processing, tourism, construction, oil
Benintextiles, food processing, construction materials, cement
Bermudainternational business, tourism, light manufacturing
Bhutancement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium carbide, tourism
Bolivienmining, smelting, petroleum, food and beverages, tobacco, handicrafts, clothing
Bosnien und Herzegowinasteel, coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, manganese, bauxite, vehicle assembly, textiles, tobacco products, wooden furniture, tank and aircraft assembly, domestic appliances, oil refining
Botsuanadiamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles
Brasilientextiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
Britische Jungferninselntourism, light industry, construction, rum, concrete block, offshore financial center
Brunei Darussalampetroleum, petroleum refining, liquefied natural gas, construction
Bulgarienelectricity, gas, water; food, beverages, tobacco; machinery and equipment, base metals, chemical products, coke, refined petroleum, nuclear fuel
Burkina Fasocotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Burundilight consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing
Cabo Verdefood and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
Chilecopper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles
Chinamining and ore processing, iron, steel, aluminum, and other metals, coal; machine building; armaments; textiles and apparel; petroleum; cement; chemicals; fertilizers; consumer products, including footwear, toys, and electronics; food processing; transportation equipment, including automobiles, rail cars and locomotives, ships, and aircraft; telecommunications equipment, commercial space launch vehicles, satellites
Cookinselnfruit processing, tourism, fishing, clothing, handicrafts
Costa Ricamicroprocessors, food processing, textiles and clothing, construction materials, fertilizer, plastic products
Côte d'Ivoirefoodstuffs, beverages; wood products, oil refining, truck and bus assembly, textiles, fertilizer, building materials, electricity, ship construction and repair
Dänemarkiron, steel, nonferrous metals, chemicals, food processing, machinery and transportation equipment, textiles and clothing, electronics, construction, furniture and other wood products, shipbuilding and refurbishment, windmills, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Deutschlandamong the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles
Dhekelianone
Dominicasoap, coconut oil, tourism, copra, furniture, cement blocks, shoes
Dominikanische Republiktourism, sugar processing, ferronickel and gold mining, textiles, cement, tobacco
Dschibuticonstruction, agricultural processing
Ecuadorpetroleum, food processing, textiles, wood products, chemicals
El Salvadorfood processing, beverages, petroleum, chemicals, fertilizer, textiles, furniture, light metals
Eritreafood processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, light manufacturing, salt, cement
Estlandengineering, electronics, wood and wood products, textile; information technology, telecommunications
Eswatinicoal, wood pulp, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textile and apparel
Europäische Unionamong the world's largest and most technologically advanced, the European Union industrial base includes: ferrous and non-ferrous metal production and processing, metal products, petroleum, coal, cement, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, aerospace, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, construction equipment, industrial equipment, shipbuilding, electrical power equipment, machine tools and automated manufacturing systems, electronics and telecommunications equipment, fishing, food and beverage processing, furniture, paper, textiles, tourism
Falklandinselnfish and wool processing; tourism
Färöerfishing, fish processing, small ship repair and refurbishment, handicrafts
Fidschitourism, sugar, clothing, copra, gold, silver, lumber, small cottage industries
Finnlandmetals and metal products, electronics, machinery and scientific instruments, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
Frankreichmachinery, chemicals, automobiles, metallurgy, aircraft, electronics; textiles, food processing; tourism
Französisch-Polynesientourism, pearls, agricultural processing, handicrafts, phosphates
Gabunpetroleum extraction and refining; manganese, gold; chemicals, ship repair, food and beverages, textiles, lumbering and plywood, cement
Gambiaprocessing peanuts, fish, and hides; tourism, beverages, agricultural machinery assembly, woodworking, metalworking, clothing
Gazastreifengenerally small family businesses that produce textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis had established some small-scale modern industries in an industrial center, but operations ceased prior to Israel's evacuation of Gaza Strip settlements
Georgiensteel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine
Ghanamining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building
Gibraltartourism, banking and finance, ship repairing, tobacco
Grenadafood and beverages, textiles, light assembly operations, tourism, construction
Griechenlandtourism, food and tobacco processing, textiles, chemicals, metal products; mining, petroleum
Grönlandfish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron and diamond mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards
Großbritannienmachine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, other consumer goods
GuamUS military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles
Guatemalasugar, textiles and clothing, furniture, chemicals, petroleum, metals, rubber, tourism
Guernseytourism, banking
Guineabauxite, gold, diamonds, iron; alumina refining; light manufacturing, and agricultural processing
Guinea-Bissauagricultural products processing, beer, soft drinks
Guyanabauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining
Haitisugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly based on imported parts
Hondurassugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products
Hongkongtextiles, clothing, tourism, banking, shipping, electronics, plastics, toys, watches, clocks
Indientextiles, chemicals, food processing, steel, transportation equipment, cement, mining, petroleum, machinery, software
Indonesienpetroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism
Insel Manfinancial services, light manufacturing, tourism
Irakpetroleum, chemicals, textiles, leather, construction materials, food processing, fertilizer, metal fabrication/processing
Iranpetroleum, petrochemicals, fertilizers, caustic soda, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food processing (particularly sugar refining and vegetable oil production), ferrous and non-ferrous metal fabrication, armaments
Irlandsteel, lead, zinc, silver, aluminum, barite, and gypsum mining processing; food products, brewing, textiles, clothing; chemicals, pharmaceuticals; machinery, rail transportation equipment, passenger and commercial vehicles, ship construction and refurbishment; glass and crystal; software, tourism
Islandfish processing; aluminum smelting, ferrosilicon production; geothermal power, tourism
Israelhigh-technology projects (including aviation, communications, computer-aided design and manufactures, medical electronics, fiber optics), wood and paper products, potash and phosphates, food, beverages, and tobacco, caustic soda, cement, construction, metals products, chemical products, plastics, diamond cutting, textiles, footwear
Italientourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics
Jamaikatourism, bauxite/alumina, agro processing, light manufactures, rum, cement, metal, paper, chemical products, telecommunications
Japanamong world's largest and technologically advanced producers of motor vehicles, electronic equipment, machine tools, steel and nonferrous metals, ships, chemicals, textiles, processed foods
Jemencrude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair
Jerseytourism, banking and finance, dairy, electronics
Jordanienclothing, phosphate mining, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, petroleum refining, cement, potash, inorganic chemicals, light manufacturing, tourism
Kaimaninselntourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture
Kambodschatourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products, rubber, cement, gem mining, textiles
Kamerunpetroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
Kanadatransportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum and natural gas
Kasachstanoil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials
Katarcrude oil production and refining, ammonia, fertilizers, petrochemicals, steel reinforcing bars, cement, commercial ship repair
Keniasmall-scale consumer goods (plastic, furniture, batteries, textiles, clothing, soap, cigarettes, flour), agricultural products, horticulture, oil refining; aluminum, steel, lead; cement, commercial ship repair, tourism
Kirgisistansmall machinery, textiles, food processing, cement, shoes, sawn logs, refrigerators, furniture, electric motors, gold, rare earth metals
Kiribatifishing, handicrafts
Kokosinseln (Keelinginseln)copra products and tourism
Kolumbientextiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement; gold, coal, emeralds
Komorenfishing, tourism, perfume distillation
Kongopetroleum extraction, cement, lumber, brewing, sugar, palm oil, soap, flour, cigarettes
Kongo, Demokratische Republikmining (diamonds, gold, copper, cobalt, coltan zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair
Korea, Demokratische Volksrepublikmilitary products; machine building, electric power, chemicals; mining (coal, iron ore, limestone, magnesite, graphite, copper, zinc, lead, and precious metals), metallurgy; textiles, food processing; tourism
Korea, Republikelectronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel
Kroatienchemicals and plastics, machine tools, fabricated metal, electronics, pig iron and rolled steel products, aluminum, paper, wood products, construction materials, textiles, shipbuilding, petroleum and petroleum refining, food and beverages, tourism
Kubasugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals
Kuwaitpetroleum, petrochemicals, cement, shipbuilding and repair, water desalination, food processing, construction materials
Laoscopper, tin, and gypsum mining; timber, electric power, agricultural processing, construction, garments, tourism, cement
Lesothofood, beverages, textiles, apparel assembly, handicrafts, construction, tourism
Lettlandbuses, vans, street and railroad cars; synthetic fibers, agricultural machinery, fertilizers, washing machines, radios, electronics, pharmaceuticals, processed foods, textiles; note - dependent on imports for energy and raw materials
Libanonbanking, tourism, food processing, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating
Liberiarubber processing, palm oil processing, timber, diamonds
Libyenpetroleum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement
Liechtensteinelectronics, metal manufacturing, dental products, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, food products, precision instruments, tourism, optical instruments
Litauenmetal-cutting machine tools, electric motors, television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining, shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment, electronic components, computers, amber jewelry
Luxemburgbanking and financial services, iron and steel, information technology, telecommunications, cargo transportation, food processing, chemicals, metal products, engineering, tires, glass, aluminum, tourism
Macautourism, gambling, clothing, textiles, electronics, footwear, toys
Madagaskarmeat processing, seafood, soap, breweries, tanneries, sugar, textiles, glassware, cement, automobile assembly plant, paper, petroleum, tourism
Malawitobacco, tea, sugar, sawmill products, cement, consumer goods
MalaysiaPeninsular Malaysia - rubber and oil palm processing and manufacturing, light manufacturing, electronics, tin mining and smelting, logging, timber processing; Sabah - logging, petroleum production; Sarawak - agriculture processing, petroleum production and refining, logging
Malediventourism, fish processing, shipping, boat building, coconut processing, garments, woven mats, rope, handicrafts, coral and sand mining
Malifood processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Maltatourism, electronics, ship building and repair, construction, food and beverages, pharmaceuticals, footwear, clothing, tobacco
Marokkophosphate rock mining and processing, food processing, leather goods, textiles, construction, tourism
Marshallinselncopra, tuna processing, tourism, craft items from seashells, wood, and pearls
Mauretanienfish processing, mining of iron ore and gypsum
Mauritiusfood processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism
Mayottenewly created lobster and shrimp industry, construction
Mexikofood and beverages, tobacco, chemicals, iron and steel, petroleum, mining, textiles, clothing, motor vehicles, consumer durables, tourism
Mikronesientourism, construction; fish processing, specialized aquaculture; craft items from shell, wood, and pearls
Moldausugar, vegetable oil, food processing, agricultural machinery; foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines; hosiery, shoes, textiles
Monacotourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products
Mongoleiconstruction and construction materials; mining (coal, copper, molybdenum, fluorspar, tin, tungsten, and gold); oil; food and beverages; processing of animal products, cashmere and natural fiber manufacturing
Montenegrosteelmaking, aluminum, agricultural processing, consumer goods, tourism
Montserrattourism, rum, textiles, electronic appliances
Mosambikfood, beverages, chemicals (fertilizer, soap, paints), aluminum, petroleum products, textiles, cement, glass, asbestos, tobacco
Myanmaragricultural processing; wood and wood products; copper, tin, tungsten, iron; cement, construction materials; pharmaceuticals; fertilizer; natural gas; garments, jade and gems
Namibiameatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining (diamonds, lead, zinc, tin, silver, tungsten, uranium, copper)
Nauruphosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products
Nepaltourism, carpet, textile; small rice, jute, sugar, and oilseed mills; cigarettes, cement and brick production
Neukaledoniennickel mining and smelting
Neuseelandfood processing, wood and paper products, textiles, machinery, transportation equipment, banking and insurance, tourism, mining
Nicaraguafood processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood
Niederlandeagroindustries, metal and engineering products, electrical machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum, construction, microelectronics, fishing
Niederländische Antillentourism (Curacao, Sint Maarten, and Bonaire), petroleum refining (Curacao), petroleum transshipment facilities (Curacao and Bonaire), light manufacturing (Curacao)
Nigeruranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Nigeriacrude oil, coal, tin, columbite; palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood; hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel, small commercial ship construction and repair
Niuetourism, handicrafts, food processing
Nördliche Marianentourism, construction, garments, handicrafts
Nordmazedonienfood processing, beverages, textiles, chemicals, iron, steel, cement, energy, pharmaceuticals
Norfolkinseltourism, light industry, ready mixed concrete
Norwegenpetroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing
Omancrude oil production and refining, natural and liquefied natural gas (LNG) production; construction, cement, copper, steel, chemicals, optic fiber
Österreichconstruction, machinery, vehicles and parts, food, metals, chemicals, lumber and wood processing, paper and paperboard, communications equipment, tourism
Pakistantextiles and apparel, food processing, pharmaceuticals, construction materials, paper products, fertilizer, shrimp
Palautourism, craft items (from shell, wood, pearls), construction, garment making
Panamaconstruction, brewing, cement and other construction materials, sugar milling
Papua-Neuguineacopra crushing, palm oil processing, plywood production, wood chip production; mining of gold, silver, and copper; crude oil production, petroleum refining; construction, tourism
Paraguaysugar, cement, textiles, beverages, wood products, steel, metallurgic, electric power
Perumining and refining of minerals; steel, metal fabrication; petroleum extraction and refining, natural gas; fishing and fish processing, textiles, clothing, food processing
Philippinenelectronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing
Pitcairninselnpostage stamps, handicrafts, beekeeping, honey
Polenmachine building, iron and steel, coal mining, chemicals, shipbuilding, food processing, glass, beverages, textiles
Portugaltextiles and footwear; wood pulp, paper, and cork; metals and metalworking; oil refining; chemicals; fish canning; rubber and plastic products; ceramics; electronics and communications equipment; rail transportation equipment; aerospace equipment; ship construction and refurbishment; wine; tourism
Puerto Ricopharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism
Ruandacement, agricultural products, small-scale beverages, soap, furniture, shoes, plastic goods, textiles, cigarettes
Rumänientextiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining
Russische Föderationcomplete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; defense industries including radar, missile production, and advanced electronic components, shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts
Saint-Martintourism, light industry and manufacturing, heavy industry
Salomonenfish (tuna), mining, timber
Sambiacopper mining and processing, construction, foodstuffs, beverages, chemicals, textiles, fertilizer, horticulture
Samoafood processing, building materials, auto parts
San Marinotourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
São Tomé und Príncipelight construction, textiles, soap, beer, fish processing, timber
Saudi-Arabiencrude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals; ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics; metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction
Schwedeniron and steel, precision equipment (bearings, radio and telephone parts, armaments), wood pulp and paper products, processed foods, motor vehicles
Schweizmachinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments, tourism, banking, and insurance
Senegalagricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining, construction materials, ship construction and repair
Serbiensugar, agricultural machinery, electrical and communication equipment, paper and pulp, lead, transportation equipment
Seychellenfishing, tourism, processing of coconuts and vanilla, coir (coconut fiber) rope, boat building, printing, furniture; beverages
Sierra Leonediamond mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining, small commercial ship repair
Simbabwemining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel; wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages
Singapurelectronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepot trade
Slowakeimetal and metal products; food and beverages; electricity, gas, coke, oil, nuclear fuel; chemicals and manmade fibers; machinery; paper and printing; earthenware and ceramics; transport vehicles; textiles; electrical and optical apparatus; rubber products
Slowenienferrous metallurgy and aluminum products, lead and zinc smelting; electronics (including military electronics), trucks, automobiles, electric power equipment, wood products, textiles, chemicals, machine tools
Somaliaa few light industries, including sugar refining, textiles, wireless communication
Spanientextiles and apparel (including footwear), food and beverages, metals and metal manufactures, chemicals, shipbuilding, automobiles, machine tools, tourism, clay and refractory products, footwear, pharmaceuticals, medical equipment
Sri Lankaprocessing of rubber, tea, coconuts, tobacco and other agricultural commodities; telecommunications, insurance, banking; clothing, textiles; cement, petroleum refining
St. Helenaconstruction, crafts (furniture, lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing, philatelic sales
St. Kitts und Nevistourism, cotton, salt, copra, clothing, footwear, beverages
St. Luciaclothing, assembly of electronic components, beverages, corrugated cardboard boxes, tourism; lime processing, coconut processing
St. Martintourism, light industry and manufacturing, heavy industry
St. Pierre und Miquelonfish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism
St. Vincent und die Grenadinenfood processing, cement, furniture, clothing, starch
Südafrikamining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair
Sudanoil, cotton ginning, textiles, cement, edible oils, sugar, soap distilling, shoes, petroleum refining, pharmaceuticals, armaments, automobile/light truck assembly
Surinamebauxite and gold mining, alumina production; oil, lumbering, food processing, fishing
Syrienpetroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing
Tadschikistanaluminum, zinc, lead; chemicals and fertilizers, cement, vegetable oil, metal-cutting machine tools, refrigerators and freezers
Taiwanelectronics, petroleum refining, armaments, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals
Tansaniaagricultural processing (sugar, beer, cigarettes, sisal twine); diamond, gold, and iron mining, salt, soda ash; cement, oil refining, shoes, apparel, wood products, fertilizer
Thailandtourism, textiles and garments, agricultural processing, beverages, tobacco, cement, light manufacturing such as jewelry and electric appliances, computers and parts, integrated circuits, furniture, plastics, automobiles and automotive parts; world's second-largest tungsten producer and third-largest tin producer
Timor-Lesteprinting, soap manufacturing, handicrafts, woven cloth
Togophosphate mining, agricultural processing, cement, handicrafts, textiles, beverages
Tokelausmall-scale enterprises for copra production, woodworking, plaited craft goods; stamps, coins; fishing
Tongatourism, fishing
Trinidad und Tobagopetroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles
Tschadoil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Tschechische Republikmetallurgy, machinery and equipment, motor vehicles, glass, armaments
Tunesienpetroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages
Türkeitextiles, food processing, autos, electronics, mining (coal, chromite, copper, boron), steel, petroleum, construction, lumber, paper
Turkmenistannatural gas, oil, petroleum products, textiles, food processing
Turks- und Caicosinselntourism, offshore financial services
Tuvalufishing, tourism, copra
Ugandasugar, brewing, tobacco, cotton textiles; cement, steel production
Ukrainecoal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing (especially sugar)
Ungarnmining, metallurgy, construction materials, processed foods, textiles, chemicals (especially pharmaceuticals), motor vehicles
Uruguayfood processing, electrical machinery, transportation equipment, petroleum products, textiles, chemicals, beverages
Usbekistantextiles, food processing, machine building, metallurgy, gold, petroleum, natural gas, chemicals
Vanuatufood and fish freezing, wood processing, meat canning
Vatikanstadtprinting; production of coins, medals, postage stamps; a small amount of mosaics and staff uniforms; worldwide banking and financial activities
Venezuelapetroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly
Vereinigte Arabische Emiratepetroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles
Vereinigte Staatenleading industrial power in the world, highly diversified and technologically advanced; petroleum, steel, motor vehicles, aerospace, telecommunications, chemicals, electronics, food processing, consumer goods, lumber, mining
Vietnamfood processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper
Wallis und Futunacopra, handicrafts, fishing, lumber
Weihnachtsinseltourism, phosphate extraction (near depletion)
Welt insgesamtdominated by the onrush of technology, especially in computers, robotics, telecommunications, and medicines and medical equipment; most of these advances take place in OECD nations; only a small portion of non-OECD countries have succeeded in rapidly adjusting to these technological forces; the accelerated development of new industrial (and agricultural) technology is complicating already grim environmental problems
Westjordanlandgenerally small family businesses that produce cement, textiles, soap, olive-wood carvings, and mother-of-pearl souvenirs; the Israelis have established some small-scale, modern industries in the settlements and industrial centers
Westsaharaphosphate mining, handicrafts
Zentralafrikanische Republikgold and diamond mining, logging, brewing, textiles, footwear, assembly of bicycles and motorcycles
Zyperntourism, food and beverage processing, cement and gypsum production, ship repair and refurbishment, textiles, light chemicals, metal products, wood, paper, stone, and clay products

 


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