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File:World literacy map UNHD 2007 2008.png
World map of literacy, UNHD 2007/2008 report. Grey = no data.

Alphabetisierungsrate

Als Alphabetisierung bezeichnet man den Prozess der Vermittlung der Lesefähigkeit sowie ggf. auch der Schreibfähigkeit, unabhängig davon, ob die erlernte Schrift eine alphabetische ist. Der Grad der Lese- oder Schreib- bzw. Schriftkompetenz einer Bevölkerung kann prozentual für einzelne Bevölkerungsschichten sowie teilweise auch für historische Epochen angegeben werden.

Der Alphabetisierungsgrad bzw. die Alphabetisierungsrate ist eine statistische Größe, die den Anteil an einer Bevölkerungsgruppe angibt, der lesen und schreiben kann. Das Gegenteil ist die Analphabetenquote. Sie ist ein Indikator für das Bildungsniveau einer Bevölkerungsgruppe. Der Alphabetisierungsgrad gibt Aufschluss über die Anstrengungen einer Regierung, den Bildungsstand der Bevölkerung auf ein bestimmtes Niveau zu heben und fließt häufig in Kennzahlensysteme zur Beschreibung des Entwicklungsgrades eines Landes ein, z. B. in den Human Development Index (HDI) der Vereinten Nationen. Innerhalb einer Gesellschaft kann sich die Alphabetisierungsrate zwischen den verschiedenen Bevölkerungsgruppen stark unterscheiden

 Landlandesspezifische DefinitioninsgesantMännerFrauenBezugsjahr
Afghanistanage 15 and over can read and write38,2%52,0%24,2%2015
Ägyptenage 15 and over can read and write73,8%82,2%65,4%2015
Albanienage 15 and over can read and write97,6%98,4%96,9%2015
Algerienage 15 and over can read and write80,2%87,2%73,1%2015
Amerikanische Jungferninseln 90,0%  2005
Amerikanisch-Samoaage 15 and over can read and write97,0%98,0%97,0%1980
Andorra 100,0%100,0%100,0% 
Angolaage 15 and over can read and write71,1%82,0%60,7%2015
Anguillaage 12 and over can read and write95,0%95,0%95,0%1984
Antigua und Barbudaage 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling99,0%98,4%99,4%2012
Äquatorialguineaage 15 and over can read and write95,3%97,4%93,0%2015
Argentinienage 10 and over can read and write98,1%98,0%98,1%2015
Armenienage 15 and over can read and write99,7%99,7%99,6%2015
Arubaage 15 and over can read and write97,5%97,5%97,5%2015
Aserbaidschanage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,9%99,8%2015
Äthiopienage 15 and over can read and write49,1%57,2%41,1%2015
Australienage 15 and over can read and write 100,0%100,0%100,0%1980
Bahamasage 15 and over can read and write95,6%94,7%96,5%2003
Bahrainage 15 and over can read and write95,7%96,9%93,5%2015
Bangladeschage 15 and over can read and write61,5%64,6%58,5%2015
Barbadosage 15 and over has ever attended school 97,4%98,0%96,8%1995
Belarusage 15 and over can read and write99,7%99,8%99,7%2015
Belgienage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,0%99,0%2000
Belizeage 15 and over can read and write94,1%94,1%94,1%2003
Beninage 15 and over can read and write38,4%49,9%27,3%2015
Bermudaage 15 and over can read and write98,0%98,0%99,0%1970
Bhutanage 15 and over can read and write64,9%73,1%55,0%2015
Bolivienage 15 and over can read and write95,7%97,8%93,6%2015
Bosnien und Herzegowinaage 15 and over can read and write98,5%99,5%97,5%2015
Botsuanaage 15 and over can read and write88,5%88,0%88,9%2015
Brasilienage 15 and over can read and write92,6%92,2%92,9%2015
Britische Jungferninselnage 15 and over can read and write97,8%  1991
Brunei Darussalamage 15 and over can read and write96,0%97,5%94,5%2015
Bulgarienage 15 and over can read and write98,4%98,7%98,1%2015
Burkina Fasoage 15 and over can read and write36,0%43,0%29,3%2015
Burundiage 15 and over can read and write85,6%88,2%83,1%2015
Chileage 15 and over can read and write97,5%97,6%97,4%2015
Chinaage 15 and over can read and write96,4%98,2%94,5%2015
Cookinseln 95,0%   
Costa Ricaage 15 and over can read and write97,8%97,7%97,8%2015
Côte d´Ivoireage 15 and over can read and write43,1%53,1%32,5%2015
Dänemarkage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,0%99,0%2003
Deutschlandage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,0%99,0%2003
Dominicaage 15 and over has ever attended school94,0%94,0%94,0%2003
Dominikanische Republikage 15 and over can read and write91,8%91,2%92,3%2015
Dschibutiage 15 and over can read and write67,9%78,0%58,4%2003
Ecuadorage 15 and over can read and write94,5%95,4%93,5%2015
El Salvadorage 15 and over can read and write88,0%90,4%86,0%2015
Eritreaage 15 and over can read and write73,8%82,4%65,5%2015
Estlandage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,8%99,8%2015
Färöer 99,0%  wie Dänemark
Fidschiage 15 and over can read and write93,7%95,5%91,9%2003
Finnlandage 15 and over can read and write100,0%100,0%100,0%2000
Frankreichage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,0%99,0%2003
Französisch-Guayanaage 15 and over can read and write83,0%84,0%82,0%1982
Französisch-Polynesienage 14 and over can read and write98,0%98,0%98,0%1977
Gabunage 15 and over can read and write83,2%85,3%81,0%2015
Gambiaage 15 and over can read and write55,5%63,9%47,6%2015
Gazastreifenage 15 and over can read and write96,5%98,4%94,5%2015
Georgienage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,8%99,7%2015
Ghanaage 15 and over can read and write76,6%82,0%71,4%2015
Gibraltar 80,0%   
Grenadaage 15 and over can read and write98,0%98,0%98,0%1970
Griechenlandage 15 and over can read and write97,7%98,5%96,9%2015
Grönlandnote: similar to Denmark proper100,0%100,0%100,0%2001
Großbritannienage 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling99,0%  2000
Guadeloupeage 15 and over can read and write90,0%90,0%90,0%1982
Guamage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,0%99,0%1990
Guatemalaage 15 and over can read and write81,5%87,4%76,3%2015
Guineaage 15 and over can read and write30,4%38,1%22,8%2015
Guinea-Bissauage 15 and over can read and write59,9%71,8%48,3%2015
Guyanaage 15 and over has ever attended school88,5%87,2%89,8%2015
Haitiage 15 and over can read and write60,7%64,3%57,3%2015
Hondurasage 15 and over can read and write88,5%88,4%88,6%2015
Hongkongage 15 and over has ever attended school94,0%97,1%90,5%2003
Indienage 15 and over can read and write71,2%81,3%60,6%2015
Indonesienage 15 and over can read and write93,9%96,3%91,5%2015
Irakage 15 and over can read and write79,7%85,7%73,7%2015
Iranage 15 and over can read and write86,8%91,2%82,5%2015
Irlandage 15 and over can read and write98,0%  1981
Islandage 15 and over can read and write99,9%99,9%99,9%1997
Israelage 15 and over can read and write97,8%98,7%96,8%2011
Italienage 15 and over can read and write99,2%99,4%99,0%2015
Jamaikaage 15 and over has ever attended school88,7%84,0%93,1%2015
Japanage 15 and over can read and write99,0%  1995
Jemenage 15 and over can read and write70,1%85,1%55,0%2015
Jordanienage 15 and over can read and write95,4%97,7%92,9%2015
Kaimaninselnage 15 and over has ever attended school98,9%98,7%99,0%2007
Kambodschaage 15 and over can read and write77,2%84,5%70,5%2015
Kamerunage 15 and over can read and write75,0%81,2%68,9%2015
Kanadaage 15 and over can read and write97,0%  1986
Kap Verdeage 15 and over can read and write87,6%92,1%83,1%2015
Kasachstanage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,8%99,8%2015
Katarage 15 and over can read and write97,3%97,4%96,8%2015
Keniaage 15 and over can read and write78,0%81,1%74,9%2015
Kirgisistanage 15 and over can read and write99,5%99,6%99,4%2015
Kolumbienage 15 and over can read and write94,7%94,6%94,8%2015
Komorenage 15 and over can read and write77,8%81,8%73,7%2015
Kongoage 15 and over can read and write79,3%86,4%72,9%2015
Kongo, Demokratische Republikage 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba63,8%78,1%50,0%2015
Korea, Demokratische Volksrepublikage 15 and over can read and write100,0%100,0%100,0%2015
Korea, Republikage 15 and over can read and write98,1%99,3%97,0%2003
Kosovoage 15 and over can read and write91,9%96,6%87,5%2003
Kroatienage 15 and over can read and write99,3%99,7%98,9%2015
Kubaage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,9%99,8%2015
Kuwaitage 15 and over can read and write96,3%96,5%95,8%2015
Laosage 15 and over can read and write79,9%87,1%72,8%2015
Lesothoage 15 and over can read and write79,4%70,1%88,3%2015
Lettlandage 15 and over can read and write99,9%99,9%99,9%2015
Libanonage 15 and over can read and write93,9%96,0%91,8%2015
Liberiaage 15 and over can read and write47,6%62,4%32,8%2015
Libyenage 15 and over can read and write91,0%96,7%85,6%2015
Liechtensteinage 10 and over can read and write100,0%100,0%100,0% 
Litauenage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,8%99,8%2015
Luxemburgage 15 and over can read and write100,0%100,0%100,0%2000
Macauage 15 and over can read and write96,2%98,0%94,6%2015
Madagaskarage 15 and over can read and write64,7%66,7%62,6%2015
Malawiage 15 and over can read and write65,8%73,0%58,6%2015
Malaysiaage 15 and over can read and write94,6%96,2%93,2%2015
Maledivenage 15 and over can read and write99,3%99,8%98,8%2015
Maliage 15 and over can read and write38,7%48,2%29,2%2015
Maltaage 15 and over can read and write94,4%93,1%95,8%2015
Marokkoage 15 and over can read and write68,5%78,6%58,8%2015
Marshallinselnage 15 and over can read and writ93,7%93,6%93,7%1999
Martiniqueage 15 and over can read and write97,7%97,4%98,1%2003
Mauretanienage 15 and over can read and write52,1%62,6%41,6%2015
Mauritiusage 15 and over can read and write90,6%92,9%88,5%2015
Mayotte 86,0%   
Mazedonienage 15 and over can read and write97,8%98,8%96,8%2015
Mexikoage 15 and over can read and write95,1%96,2%94,2%2012
Mikronesienage 15 and over can read and write89,0%91,0%88,0%1980
Moldauage 15 and over can read and write99,4%99,7%99,1%2015
Monaco 99,0%99,0%99,0%2003
Mongoleiage 15 and over can read and write98,4%98,2%98,6%2015
Montenegroage 15 and over can read and write98,7%99,5%98,0%2015
Montserratage 15 and over has ever attended school97,0%97,0%97,0%1970
Mosambikage 15 and over can read and write58,8%73,3%45,4%2015
Myanmarage 15 and over can read and write93,1%95,2%91,2%2015
Namibiaage 15 and over can read and write81,9%79,2%84,5%2015
Nepalage 15 and over can read and write63,9%76,4%53,1%2015
Neukaledonienage 15 and over can read and write96,9%97,3%96,5%2015
Neuseelandage 15 and over can read and write99,0%  1980
Nicaraguaage 15 and over can read and write82,8%82,4%83,2%2015
Niederlandeage 15 and over can read and write99,0%  2000
Niederländische Antillenage 15 and over can read and write96,7%96,7%96,8%2003
Nigerage 15 and over can read and write19,1%27,3%11,0%2015
Nigeriaage 15 and over can read and write59,6%69,2%49,7%2015
Niue 95,0%   
Nördliche Marianenage 15 and over can read and write97,0%97,0%96,0%1980
Norwegenage 15 and over can read and write100,0%100,0%100,0% 
Omanage 15 and over can read and write91,1%93,6%85,6%2015
Österreichage 15 and over can read and write98,0%   
Pakistanage 15 and over can read and write57,9%69,5%45,8%2015
Palauage 15 and over can read and write99,5%99,5%99,6%2015
Panamaage 15 and over can read and write95,0%95,7%94,4%2015
Papua-Neuguineaage 15 and over can read and write64,2%65,6%62,8%2015
Paraguayage 15 and over can read and write93,9%94,8%92,9%2010
Peruage 15 and over can read and write94,5%97,3%91,7%2015
Philippinenage 15 and over can read and write96,3%95,8%96,8%2015
Polenage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,9%99,7%2015
Portugalage 15 and over can read and write95,7%97,1%94,4%2015
Puerto Ricoage 15 and over can read and write93,3%92,8%93,8%2015
Réunionage 15 and over can read and write88,9%87,0%90,8%2004
Ruandaage 15 and over can read and write70,5%73,2%68,0%2015
Rumänienage 15 and over can read and write98,8%99,1%98,5%2015
Russische Föderationage 15 and over can read and write99,7%99,7%99,6%2015
Salomonenage 15 and over can read and write84,1%88,9%79,2%2009
Sambiaage 15 and over can read and write English63,4%70,9%56,0%2015
Samoaage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,1%98,8%2015
San Marinoage 10 and over can read and write96,0%97,0%95,0%1976
São Tomé und Príncipeage 15 and over can read and write74,9%81,8%68,4%2015
Saudi-Arabienage 15 and over can read and write94,7%97,0%91,1%2015
Schwedenage 15 and over can read and write99,0%  1997
Schweizage 15 and over can read and write99,0%  1980
Senegalage 15 and over can read and write57,7%69,7%46,6%2015
Serbienage 15 and over can read and write98,1%99,1%97,2%2015
Seychellenage 15 and over can read and write91,8%91,4%92,3%2012
Sierra Leoneage 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic48,1%58,7%37,7%2015
Simbabweage 15 and over can read and write English86,5%88,5%84,6%2015
Singapurage 15 and over can read and write96,8%98,6%95,0%2015
Slowakei 99,6%99,7%99,6%2004
SlowenienNA99,7%99,7%99,7%2015
Somaliaage 15 and over can read and write37,8%49,7%25,8%2001
Spanienage 15 and over can read and write98,1%98,7%97,5%2015
Sri Lankaage 15 and over can read and write92,6%93,6%91,7%2015
St. Helena, Ascension und Tristan da Cunhaage 20 and over can read and write97,0%97,0%98,0%1987
St. Kitts und Nevisage 15 and over has ever attended school97,0%97,0%98,0%1980
St. Luciaage 15 and over has ever attended school67,0%65,0%69,0%1980
St. Pierre und Miquelonage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,0%99,0%1982
St. Vincent und die Grenadinenage 15 and over has ever attended school96,0%96,0%96,0%1970
Südafrikaage 15 and over can read and write94,3%95,5%93,1%2015
Sudanage 15 and over can read and write75,9%83,3%68,6%2015
Südsudanage 15 and over can read and write27,0%40,0%16,0%2009
Surinameage 15 and over can read and write95,6%96,1%95,0%2015
Swasilandage 15 and over can read and write87,5%87,4%87,5%2015
Syrienage 15 and over can read and write86,4%91,7%81,0%2015
Tadschikistanage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,8%99,7%2015
Taiwanage 15 and over can read and write98,5%99,7%97,3%2014
Tansaniaage 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic70,6%75,9%65,4%2015
Thailandage 15 and over can read and write96,7%96,6%96,7%2015
Timor-Lesteage 15 and over can read and write67,5%71,5%63,4%2015
Togoage 15 and over can read and write66,5%78,3%55,3%2015
Tongacan read and write Tongan and/or English99,4%99,3%99,4%2015
Trinidad und Tobagoage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,2%98,7%2015
Tschadage 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic40,2%48,5%31,9%2015
Tschechische RepublikNA99,0%99,0%99,0%2011
Tunesienage 15 and over can read and write81,8%89,6%74,2%2015
Türkeiage 15 and over can read and write95,0%98,4%91,8%2015
Turkmenistanage 15 and over can read and write99,7%99,8%99,6%2015
Turks- und Caicosinselnage 15 and over has ever attended school98,0%99,0%98,0%1970
Ugandaage 15 and over can read and write78,4%85,3%71,5%2015
Ukraineage 15 and over can read and write99,8%99,8%99,7%2015
Ungarnage 15 and over can read and write99,1%99,1%99,0%2015
Uruguayage 15 and over can read and write98,5%98,2%98,8%2015
Usbekistanage 15 and over can read and write99,6%99,7%99,5%2015
Vanuatuage 15 and over can read and write85,2%86,6%83,8%2015
Vatikanstadt 100,0%100,0%100,0% 
Venezuelaage 15 and over can read and write96,3%96,4%96,2%2015
Vereinigte Arabische Emirateage 15 and over can read and write93,8%93,1%95,8%2005
Vereinigte Staatenage 15 and over can read and write99,0%99,0%99,0%2003
Vietnamage 15 and over can read and write94,5%96,3%92,8%2015
Wallis und Futunaage 15 and over can read and write50,0%50,0%50,0%1969
Welt insgesamtage 15 and over can read and write86,1%89,9%82,2%2015
Westjordanlandage 15 and over can read and write96,5%98,4%94,5%2015
Zentralafrikanische Republikage 15 and over can read and write36,8%50,7%24,4%2015
Zypernage 15 and over can read and write99,1%99,5%98,7%2015


Quellen
  • CIA World Factbook - Literacy; abgerufen am 14.04.2016
    This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.

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