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File:World literacy map UNHD 2007 2008.png
World map of literacy, UNHD 2007/2008 report. Grey = no data.

Alphabetisierungsrate

Als Alphabetisierung bezeichnet man den Prozess der Vermittlung der Lesefähigkeit sowie ggf. auch der Schreibfähigkeit, unabhängig davon, ob die erlernte Schrift eine alphabetische ist. Der Grad der Lese- oder Schreib- bzw. Schriftkompetenz einer Bevölkerung kann prozentual für einzelne Bevölkerungsschichten sowie teilweise auch für historische Epochen angegeben werden.

Der Alphabetisierungsgrad bzw. die Alphabetisierungsrate ist eine statistische Größe, die den Anteil an einer Bevölkerungsgruppe angibt, der lesen und schreiben kann. Das Gegenteil ist die Analphabetenquote. Sie ist ein Indikator für das Bildungsniveau einer Bevölkerungsgruppe. Der Alphabetisierungsgrad gibt Aufschluss über die Anstrengungen einer Regierung, den Bildungsstand der Bevölkerung auf ein bestimmtes Niveau zu heben und fließt häufig in Kennzahlensysteme zur Beschreibung des Entwicklungsgrades eines Landes ein, z. B. in den Human Development Index (HDI) der Vereinten Nationen. Innerhalb einer Gesellschaft kann sich die Alphabetisierungsrate zwischen den verschiedenen Bevölkerungsgruppen stark unterscheiden

LandDefinitionGesamtbevölkerungMännerFrauenBezugsjahr
Afghanistanage 15 and over can read and write36,00%51,00%21,00%1999
Ägyptenage 15 and over can read and write57,70%68,30%46,90%2005
Albanienage 9 and over can read and write86,50%93,30%79,50%2003
Algerienage 15 and over can read and write70,00%78,80%61,00%2003
Amerikanische Jungferninseln 90,00%  2005
Amerikanisch-Samoaage 15 and over can read and write97,00%98,00%97,00%1980
Andorra 100,00%100,00%100,00% 
Angolaage 15 and over can read and write42,00%56,00%28,00%1998
Anguillaage 12 and over can read and write95,00%95,00%95,00%1984
Antigua und Barbudaage 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling89,00%90,00%88,00%1960
Äquatorialguineaage 15 and over can read and write 85,70%93,30%78,40%2003
Argentinienage 15 and over can read and write97,10%971,00%97,10%2003
Armenienage 15 and over can read and write98,60%99,40%98,00%2003
Aruba 97,30%97,50%97,10%2000
Aserbaidschanage 15 and over can read and write97,00%99,00%96,00%1989
Äthiopienage 15 and over can read and write42,70%50,30%35,10%2003
Australienage 15 and over can read and write 100,00%100,00%100,00%1980
Bahamasage 15 and over can read and write95,60%94,70%96,50%2003
Bahrainage 15 and over can read and write89,10%91,90%85,00%2003
Bangladeschage 15 and over can read and write43,10%53,90%31,80%2003
Barbadosage 15 and over has ever attended school 97,40%98,00%96,80%1995
Belarusage 15 and over can read and write99,60%99,80%99,50%2003
Belgienage 15 and over can read and write99,00%99,00%99,00%2000
Belizeage 15 and over can read and write94,10%94,10%94,10%2003
Beninage 15 and over can read and write40,90%56,20%26,50%2000
Bermudaage 15 and over can read and write98,00%98,00%99,00%1970
Bhutanage 15 and over can read and write42,20%56,20%28,10%1995
Bolivienage 15 and over can read and write87,20%93,10%81,60%2003
Bosnien und Herzegowina 96,70%99,00%94,40%2000
Botsuanaage 15 and over can read and write79,80%76,90%82,40%2003
Brasilienage 15 and over can read and write86,40%86,10%86,60%2003
Britische Jungferninselnage 15 and over can read and write97,80%  1991
Brunei Darussalamage 15 and over can read and write91,80%94,80%88,50%2003
Bulgarienage 15 and over can read and write98,60%99,10%98,20%2003
Burkina Fasoage 15 and over can read and write22,60%36,90%16,60%2003
Burundiage 15 and over can read and write51,60%58,50%45,20%2003
Chileage 15 and over can read and write96,20%96,40%96,10%2003
Chinaage 15 and over can read and write91,60%95,70%87,60%2007
Cookinseln 95,00%   
Costa Ricaage 15 and over can read and write96,00%95,90%96,10%2003
Côte d´Ivoireage 15 and over can read and write50,90%57,90%43,60%2003
Dänemarkage 15 and over can read and write99,00%99,00%99,00%2003
Deutschlandage 15 and over can read and write99,00%99,00%99,00%2003
Dominicaage 15 and over has ever attended school94,00%94,00%94,00%2003
Dominikanische Republikage 15 and over can read and write84,70%84,60%84,80%2003
Dschibutiage 15 and over can read and write67,90%78,00%58,40%2003
Ecuadorage 15 and over can read and write92,50%94,00%91,00%2003
El Salvadorage 10 and over can read and write80,20%82,80%77,70%2003
EritreaNA58,60%69,90%47,60%2003
Estlandage 15 and over can read and write99,80%99,80%99,80%2003
Färöer 99,00%  wie Dänemark
Fidschiage 15 and over can read and write93,70%95,50%91,90%2003
Finnlandage 15 and over can read and write100,00%100,00%100,00%2000
Frankreichage 15 and over can read and write99,00%99,00%99,00%2003
Französisch-Guayanaage 15 and over can read and write83,00%84,00%82,00%1982
Französisch-Polynesienage 14 and over can read and write98,00%98,00%98,00%1977
Gabun age 15 and over can read and write63,20%73,70%53,30%1995
Gambiaage 15 and over can read and write40,10%47,80%32,80%2003
Gazastreifen 92,40%96,70%88,00%2004
Georgienage 15 and over can read and write99,00%100,00%99,00%1999
Ghanaage 15 and over can read and write74,80%82,70%67,10%2003
Gibraltar 80,00%   
Grenadaage 15 and over can read and write98,00%98,00%98,00%1970
Griechenlandage 15 and over can read and write97,50%98,60%96,50%2003
Grönlandnote: similar to Denmark proper100,00%100,00%100,00%2001
Großbritannienage 15 and over has completed five or more years of schooling99,00%  2000
Guadeloupeage 15 and over can read and write90,00%90,00%90,00%1982
Guamage 15 and over can read and write99,00%99,00%99,00%1990
Guatemalaage 15 and over can read and write70,60%78,00%63,30%2003
Guineaage 15 and over can read and write35,90%49,90%21,90%1995
Guinea-Bissauage 15 and over can read and write42,40%58,10%27,40%2003
Guyanaage 15 and over has ever attended school98,80%99,10%98,50%2003
Haitiage 15 and over can read and write52,90%54,80%51,20%2003
Hondurasage 15 and over can read and write76,20%76,10%76,30%2003
Hongkongage 15 and over has ever attended school94,00%97,10%90,50%2003
Indienage 15 and over can read and write61,00%73,40%47,80%2001
Indonesienage 15 and over can read and write88,50%92,50%84,10%2003
Irakage 15 and over can read and write40,40%55,90%24,40%2003
Iranage 15 and over can read and write79,40%85,60%73,00%2003
Irlandage 15 and over can read and write98,00%  1981
Islandage 15 and over can read and write99,90%99,90%99,90%1997
Israelage 15 and over can read and write95,40%97,30%93,60%2003
Italienage 15 and over can read and write98,60%99,00%98,30%2003
Jamaikaage 15 and over has ever attended school87,90%84,10%91,60%2003
Japanage 15 and over can read and write99,00%  1995
Jemenage 15 and over can read and write50,20%70,50%30,00%2003
Jordanienage 15 and over can read and write91,30%95,90%86,30%2003
Kaimaninselnage 15 and over has ever attended school98,00%98,00%98,00%1970
Kambodschaage 15 and over can read and write69,90%80,50%60,30%2003
Kamerunage 15 and over can read and write79,00%84,70%73,40%2003
Kanadaage 15 and over can read and write97,00%  1986
Kap Verdeage 15 and over can read and write76,60%85,80%69,20%2003
Kasachstanage 15 and over can read and write98,40%99,10%97,70%1999
Katarage 15 and over can read and write82,50%81,40%85,00%2003
Keniaage 15 and over can read and write85,10%90,60%79,70%2003
Kirgisistanage 15 and over can read and write97,00%99,00%96,00%1989
Kolumbienage 15 and over can read and write92,50%92,40%92,60%2003
Komorenage 15 and over can read and write56,50%63,60%49,30%2003
Kongoage 15 and over can read and write83,80%89,60%78,40%2003
Kongo, Demokratische Republikage 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba65,50%76,20%55,10%2003
Korea, Demokratische Volksrepublikage 15 and over can read and write Korean99,00%99,00%99,00% 
Korea, Republikage 15 and over can read and write98,10%99,30%97,00%2003
Kosovo 91,90%96,60%87,50%2007
Kroatienage 15 and over can read and write98,50%99,40%97,80%2003
Kubaage 15 and over can read and write97,00%97,20%96,90%2003
Kuwaitage 15 and over can read and write83,50%85,10%81,70%2003
Laosage 15 and over can read and write52,80%67,50%38,10%2003
Lesothoage 15 and over can read and write84,40%74,50%94,50%2003
Lettlandage 15 and over can read and write99,80%99,80%99,80%2003
Libanonage 15 and over can read and write87,40%93,10%82,20%2003
Liberiaage 15 and over can read and write57,50%73,30%41,60%2003
Libyenage 15 and over can read and write82,60%92,40%72,00%2003
Liechtensteinage 10 and over can read and write100,00%100,00%100,00% 
Litauenage 15 and over can read and write99,60%99,70%99,60%2003
Luxemburgage 15 and over can read and write100,00%100,00%100,00%2000
Macauage 15 and over can read and write94,50%97,20%92,00%2003
Madagaskarage 15 and over can read and write68,90%75,50%62,50%2003
Malawiage 15 and over can read and write62,70%76,10%49,80%2003
Malaysiaage 15 and over can read and write88,90%92,40%85,40%2003
Maledivenage 15 and over can read and write97,20%97,10%97,30%2003
Maliage 15 and over can read and write46,40%53,50%39,60%2003
Maltaage 10 and over can read and write92,80%92,00%93,60%2003
Marokkoage 15 and over can read and write51,70%64,10%39,40%2003
Marshallinselnage 15 and over can read and writ93,70%93,60%93,70%1999
Martiniqueage 15 and over can read and write97,70%97,40%98,10%2003
Mauretanienage 15 and over can read and write41,70%51,80%31,90%2003
Mauritiusage 15 and over can read and write85,60%88,60%82,70%2003
Mayotte 86,00%   
Mazedonien 96,10%98,20%94,10%2002
Mexikoage 15 and over can read and write92,20%94,00%90,50%2003
Mikronesienage 15 and over can read and write89,00%91,00%88,00%1980
Moldauage 15 and over can read and write99,10%99,60%98,70%2003
Monaco 99,00%99,00%99,00%2003
Mongoleiage 15 and over can read and write99,10%99,20%99,00%2003
Montenegro 96,40%98,90%94,10%2003
Montserratage 15 and over has ever attended school97,00%97,00%97,00%1970
Mosambikage 15 and over can read and write47,80%63,50%32,70%2003
Myanmarage 15 and over can read and write83,10%88,70%77,70%1995; note: these are official statistics; estimates of functional literacy are likely closer to 30% (1999 est.)
Namibiaage 15 and over can read and write84,00%84,40%83,70%2003
Nepalage 15 and over can read and write45,20%62,70%27,60%2003
Neukaledonienage 15 and over can read and write91,00%92,00%90,00%1976
Neuseelandage 15 and over can read and write99,00%  1980
Nicaraguaage 15 and over can read and write67,50%67,20%67,80%2003
Niederlandeage 15 and over can read and write99,00%  2000
Niederländische Antillenage 15 and over can read and write96,70%96,70%96,80%2003
Nigerage 15 and over can read and write17,60%25,80%9,70%2003
Nigeriaage 15 and over can read and write68,00%75,70%60,60%2003
Niue 95,00%   
Nördliche Marianenage 15 and over can read and write97,00%97,00%96,00%1980
Norwegenage 15 and over can read and write100,00%100,00%100,00% 
Oman 75,80%83,10%67,20%2003
Österreichage 15 and over can read and write98,00%   
Pakistanage 15 and over can read and write45,70%59,80%30,60%2003
Palauage 15 and over can read and write92,00%93,00%90,00%1980
Panamaage 15 and over can read and write92,60%93,20%91,90%2003
Papua-Neuguineaage 15 and over can read and write66,00%72,30%59,30%2003
Paraguayage 15 and over can read and write94,00%94,90%93,00%2003
Peruage 15 and over can read and write90,90%95,20%86,80%2003
Philippinenage 15 and over can read and write95,90%96,00%95,80%2003
Polenage 15 and over can read and write99,80%99,80%99,70%2003
Portugalage 15 and over can read and write93,30%95,50%91,30%2003
Puerto Rico age 15 and over can read and write94,10%93,70%94,40%2002
Réunionage 15 and over can read and write88,90%87,00%90,80%2004
Ruandaage 15 and over can read and write70,40%76,30%64,70%2003
Rumänienage 15 and over can read and write98,40%99,10%97,70%2003
Russische Föderationage 15 and over can read and write99,60%99,70%99,50%2003
Sambiaage 15 and over can read and write English80,60%86,80%74,80%2003
Samoaage 15 and over can read and write99,70%99,60%99,70%2003
San Marinoage 10 and over can read and write96,00%97,00%95,00%1976
São Tomé und Príncipeage 15 and over can read and write79,30%85,00%62,00%1991
Saudi-Arabienage 15 and over can read and write78,80%84,70%70,80%2003
Schwedenage 15 and over can read and write99,00%  1997
Schweizage 15 and over can read and write99,00%  1980
Senegalage 15 and over can read and write40,20%50,00%30,70%2003
Serbien 96,40%98,90%94,10%2003
Serbien und Montenegroage 15 and over can read and write93,00%97,20%88,90%1991
Seychellenage 15 and over can read and write58,00%56,00%60,00%1971
Sierra Leoneage 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic31,40%45,40%18,20%1995
Simbabweage 15 and over can read and write English90,70%94,20%87,20%2003
Singapurage 15 and over can read and write93,20%96,70%89,70%2003
Slowakei 99,60%99,70%99,60%2004
Slowenien 99,70%99,70%99,60%2003
Somaliaage 15 and over can read and write37,80%49,70%25,80%2001
Spanienage 15 and over can read and write97,90%98,70%97,20%2003
Sri Lankaage 15 and over can read and write92,30%94,80%90,00%2003
St. Helenaage 20 and over can read and write97,00%97,00%98,00%1987
St. Kitts und Nevisage 15 and over has ever attended school97,00%97,00%98,00%1980
St. Luciaage 15 and over has ever attended school67,00%65,00%69,00%1980
St. Pierre und Miquelonage 15 and over can read and write99,00%99,00%99,00%1982
St. Vincent und die Grenadinenage 15 and over has ever attended school96,00%96,00%96,00%1970
Südafrikaage 15 and over can read and write86,40%87,00%85,70%2003
Sudanage 15 and over can read and write61,10%71,80%50,50%2003
Surinameage 15 and over can read and write93,00%95,00%91,00%1995
Swasilandage 15 and over can read and write81,60%82,60%80,80%2003
Syrienage 15 and over can read and write76,90%89,70%64,00%2003
Tadschikistanage 15 and over can read and write99,40%99,60%99,10%2003
Taiwanage 15 and over can read and write96,10%  2003
Tansaniaage 15 and over can read and write Kiswahili (Swahili), English, or Arabic78,20%85,90%70,70%2003
Thailandage 15 and over can read and write96,00%97,50%94,60%2003
Timor-Lesteage 15 and over can read and write48,00%  2001
Togoage 15 and over can read and write60,90%75,40%46,90%2003
Tongacan read and write Tongan and/or English98,50%98,40%98,70%1996
Trinidad und Tobagoage 15 and over can read and write98,60%99,10%98,00%2003
Tschadage 15 and over can read and write French or Arabic47,50%56,00%39,00%2003
Tschechische Republik 99,00%99,00%99,00%2003
Tunesienage 15 and over can read and write74,30%83,40%65,30%2004
Türkeiage 15 and over can read and write87,40%95,30%79,60%2004
Turkmenistanage 15 and over can read and write98,80%99,30%98,30%1999
Turks- und Caicosinselnage 15 and over has ever attended school98,00%99,00%98,00%1970
Ugandaage 15 and over can read and write69,90%79,50%60,40%2003
Ukraineage 15 and over can read and write99,70%99,80%99,60%2003
Ungarnage 15 and over can read and write99,40%99,50%99,30%2003
Uruguayage 15 and over can read and write98,00%97,60%98,40%2003
Usbekistanage 15 and over can read and write99,30%99,60%99,00%2003
Vanuatuage 15 and over can read and write53,00%57,00%48,00%1979
Vatikanstadt 100,00%100,00%100,00% 
Venezuelaage 15 and over can read and write93,40%93,80%93,10%2003
Vereinigte Arabische Emirateage 15 and over can read and write77,90%76,10%81,70%2003
Vereinigte Staatenage 15 and over can read and write99,00%99,00%99,00%2003
Vietnamage 15 and over can read and write94,00%95,80%92,30%2003
Wallis und Futunaage 15 and over can read and write50,00%50,00%50,00%1969
Welt insgesamtage 15 and over can read and write82,00%87,00%77,00%2005
Westjordanland 92,40%96,70%88,00%2004
Zentralafrikanische Republikage 15 and over can read and write51,00%63,30%39,90%2003
Zypernage 15 and over can read and write97,60%98,90%96,30%2003

 


Quellen
  • CIA World Factbook - Literacy; abgerufen am 09.09.2010
    This entry includes a definition of literacy and Census Bureau percentages for the total population, males, and females. There are no universal definitions and standards of literacy. Unless otherwise specified, all rates are based on the most common definition - the ability to read and write at a specified age. Detailing the standards that individual countries use to assess the ability to read and write is beyond the scope of the Factbook. Information on literacy, while not a perfect measure of educational results, is probably the most easily available and valid for international comparisons. Low levels of literacy, and education in general, can impede the economic development of a country in the current rapidly changing, technology-driven world.

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