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Infektionskrankheiten

Eine Infektionskrankheit, umgangssprachlich „Infekt“ oder „ansteckende Krankheit“, ist eine durch Erreger hervorgerufene Erkrankung. Sie ist aber nicht einer Infektion gleichzusetzen, da nicht jede Infektion notwendigerweise zu einer Erkrankung führt. Infektionskrankheiten zeigen ein breites Spektrum von zeitlichen Verläufen und Symptomen. Diese sind für den Erreger oftmals spezifisch. Sie können hochakut in wenigen Tagen entstehen oder sich über Wochen, Monate, manchmal Jahre hinweg langsam entwickeln.

Das CIA World Factbook unterscheidet folgende Infektionskrankheiten, klassifiziert nach dem Erkrankungsweg:

  • food or waterborne diseases

    • Hepatitis A

    • Hepatitis E

    • Typhoid fever

  • vectorborne diseases acquired through the bite of an infected arthropod:

    • Malaria

    • Dengue fever

    • Yellow fever

    • Japanese Encephalitis

    • African Trypanosomiasis

    • Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

    • Plague

    • Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

    • Rift Valley fever

    • Chikungunya

  • water contact diseases

    • Leptospirosis

    • Schistosomiasis

  • aerosolized dust or soil contact disease

    • Lassa fever

  • respiratory disease acquired through close contact with an infectious person:

    • Meningococcal meningitis

  • animal contact disease

* in Klammer deutsche Übersetzung, verlinkt zum entsprechenden Wikipediaartikel


Länderlisting mit Risikoeinschätzung


Afghanistan
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/afghanistan/index.aspx


Ägypten
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: Rift Valley fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/naher_osten/aegypten/index.aspx


Angola
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/angola/index.aspx


Äquatorialguinea
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/aequatorialguinea/index.aspx


Argentinien
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A
vectorborne_disease:
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/argentinien/index.aspx


Äthiopien
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/aethiopien/index.aspx


Bangladesch
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria are high risks in some locations
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/bangladesch/index.aspx


Belize
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/zentralamerika/belize/index.aspx


Benin
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/benin/index.aspx


Bhutan
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/bhutan/index.aspx


Bolivien
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/bolivien/index.aspx


Botsuana
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/botsuana/index.aspx


Burkina Faso
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/burkina_faso/index.aspx


Burundi
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/burundi/index.aspx


China
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: Japanese encephalitis and dengue fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/china/index.aspx


Costa Rica
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/zentralamerika/costa_rica/index.aspx


Dominikanische Republik
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/karibik/dominikanische_republik/index.aspx


Dschibuti
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/dschibuti/index.aspx


Ecuador
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/ecuador/index.aspx


El Salvador
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/zentralamerika/el_salvador/index.aspx


Eritrea
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/eritrea/index.aspx


Estland
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: tickborne encephalitis (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/estland/index.aspx


Gabun
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and chikungunya
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/gabun/index.aspx


Gambia
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/gambia/index.aspx


Ghana
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/ghana/index.aspx


Guatemala
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/zentralamerika/guatemala/index.aspx


Guinea
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease: aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever (2009)
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/guinea/index.aspx


Guinea-Bissau
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/guinea-bissau/index.aspx


Guyana
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/guyana/index.aspx


Haiti
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/karibik/haiti/index.aspx


Honduras
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/zentralamerika/honduras/index.aspx


Indien
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: chikungunya, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/indien/index.aspx


Indonesien
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: chikungunya, dengue fever, and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/indonesien/index.aspx


Irak
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease:
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/naher_osten/irak/index.aspx


Iran
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/naher_osten/iran/index.aspx


Jemen
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/naher_osten/jemen/index.aspx


Kambodscha
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/kambodscha/index.aspx


Kamerun
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/kamerun/index.aspx


Kenia
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and Rift Valley fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/kenia/index.aspx


Kolumbien
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/kolumbien/index.aspx


Kongo
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/republik_kongo/index.aspx


Kongo, Demokratische Republik
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria, plague, and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/demokratische_republik_kongo/index.aspx


Kroatien
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: tickborne encephalitis
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/kroatien/index.aspx


Kuba
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/karibik/kuba/index.aspx


Laos
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2008) (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/laos/index.aspx


Lettland
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: tickborne encephalitis (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/lettland/index.aspx


Liberia
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease: aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/liberia/index.aspx


Litauen
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: tickborne encephalitis (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/litauen/index.aspx


Madagaskar
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: chikungunya, malaria, and plague
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/madagaskar/index.aspx


Malawi
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and plague
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/malawi/index.aspx


Malaysia
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/malaysia/index.aspx


Mali
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis (2009)
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/mali/index.aspx


Mauretanien
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and Rift Valley fever
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/mauretanien/index.aspx


Mexiko
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/nordamerika/mexiko/index.aspx


Montenegro
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/montenegro/index.aspx


Mosambik
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and plague
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/mosambik/index.aspx


Myanmar
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/myanmar/index.aspx


Namibia
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/namibia/index.aspx


Nepal
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: Japanese encephalitis, malaria, and dengue fever (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/nepal/index.aspx


Nicaragua
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/zentralamerika/nicaragua/index.aspx


Niger
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/niger/index.aspx


Nigeria
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease: aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: one of the most highly endemic areas for Lassa fever
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis and shistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/nigeria/index.aspx


Pakistan
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/pakistan/index.aspx


Panama
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/zentralamerika/panama/index.aspx


Papua-Neuguinea
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/ozeanien/papua-neuguinea/index.aspx


Paraguay
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/paraguay/index.aspx


Peru
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, malaria, and yellow fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/peru/index.aspx


Philippinen
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, malaria, and Japanese encephalitis
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/philippinen/index.aspx


Polen
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: tickborne encephalitis
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/polen/index.aspx


Ruanda
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/ruanda/index.aspx


Russische Föderation
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: tickborne encephalitis
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/russland/index.aspx


Sambia
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and plague are high risks in some locations
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/sambia/index.aspx


São Tomé und Príncipe
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/sao_tome_und_principe/index.aspx


Senegal
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, malaria, Rift Valley fever, and yellow fever
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/senegal/index.aspx


Serbien
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/serbien/index.aspx


Sierra Leone
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease: aerosolized dust or soil contact disease: Lassa fever (2009)
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/sierra_leone/index.aspx


Simbabwe
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/simbabwe/index.aspx


Somalia
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, malaria, and Rift Valley fever
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/somalia/index.aspx


Sri Lanka
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and chikungunya
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/sri_lanka/index.aspx


Südafrika
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease:
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/suedafrika/index.aspx


Sudan
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria, dengue fever, African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/sudan/index.aspx


Suriname
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, Mayaro virus, and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/suriname/index.aspx


Swasiland
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis (2009)
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/swasiland/index.aspx


Tadschikistan
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/asien/tadschikistan/index.aspx


Tansania
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and plague
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/tansania/index.aspx


Thailand
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/thailand/index.aspx


Timor-Leste
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: chikungunya, dengue fever and malaria (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/timor-leste/index.aspx


Togo
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria and yellow fever
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/togo/index.aspx


Tschad
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/tschad/index.aspx


Uganda
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria, plague, and African trypanosomiasis (sleeping sickness)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/uganda/index.aspx


Ungarn
Risikograd: intermediate
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne_disease: tickborne encephalitis (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/europa/ungarn/index.aspx


Venezuela
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever and malaria (2009)
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease:
animal_contact_disease:
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedamerika/venezuela/index.aspx


Vietnam
Risikograd: high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: dengue fever, malaria, Japanese encephalitis, and plague
respiratory_disease:
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: leptospirosis
animal_contact_disease:
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/suedostasien/vietnam/index.aspx


Zentralafrikanische Republik
Risikograd: very high
food_or_waterborne_diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne_disease: malaria
respiratory_disease: meningococcal meningitis
aerosolized_dust_or_soil_contact_disease:
water_contact_disease: schistosomiasis
animal_contact_disease: rabies (2009)
note:
Geolink: https://www.lexas.de/afrika/zentralafrikanische_republik/index.aspx


 

 

 

 


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